Noun endings

In this activity we will look at suffixes which change verbs and adjectives into nouns. This process is a part of derivational morphology

Goals

Lesson Plan

The teacher explains that today, we will add suffixes to words to change their word class. Adding a suffix to a word sometimes changes the word class, for example from adjective to noun (kind/kindness). This contributes to the vocabulary of the language, giving us more ways to express meanings.

The Activity page appears in the menu entitled 'This Unit' in the upper right corner of this page. The Activity page contains slides that can be displayed on a projector or smart board. Slide 1 presents verbs and adjectives which can be turned into nouns by adding certain suffixes. Students should work out which suffix to add to each word. In some cases, they will need to allow for a change in spelling at the end of the word when the suffix is added (the change is not shown in the puzzle).

Present the activity in slideshow mode on a projector or smart board, and complete the following tasks:

Then ask the following questions: 

Students have probably noticed that the verbs are quite 'fussy' because they generally only take one of the suffixes. If we swap suffixes around, we get results which sound quite strange!

Extension task

Now, students should choose three nouns from the examples and do the following:

Teacher's Notes

Here are some possible nouns created by adding -er to a verb base:

What is happening here?

These base forms are adjectives. Adding -er to an adjective makes it a comparative adjective (purertaller). (Remember to allow for a change in spelling at the end of the word when the suffix is added.) 

Some of the verbs can only be made into nouns by adding -ing, e.g.:

In the examples above, these words behave as nouns. How do we know? Because they have a determiner in front of them.

Of course, these forms ending in -ing can also be used as verbs, for example in He is reading/playing. This form of a verb is called the present participle form.

Different endings can be added to the same base word.

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Noun endings: Activity

-er
-ing
walk
good
tall
bad
read
-ness
play
pure
-ity
sensitive
refer
perform
accept
-ance
-al
refuse
arrive

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